State Environmental Review of Proposed Chehalis River Basin Flood Damage Reduction Project
The Chehalis River Basin Flood Control Zone District (FCZD) is proposing to construct a flood retention dam and associated temporary reservoir on the Chehalis River near Pe Ell, and make changes to the Chehalis-Centralia Airport levee. Ecology is conducting an environmental review under the State Environmental Policy Act (SEPA) of this proposed project through an Environmental Impact Statement (EIS).
The FCZD’s objective for their flood retention dam and associated temporary reservoir is to reduce damages from major floods from Pe Ell to Centralia triggered by rainfall in the Willapa Hills. The Airport levee changes would raise and widen the Chehalis-Centralia Airport levee and nearby roads to improve the levee protection level during catastrophic floods. The project is not intended to address flooding in all parts of the Chehalis River basin and would not stop regular annual flooding.
Ecology is developing the Final EIS, which is expected to be released in early 2023.
The Final EIS will include revisions based on public comments for the Draft EIS and additional modeling and impact analysis. It will include a range of potential impacts based on high and medium climate change models from the University of Washington Climate Impacts Group. The report will also provide responses to the substantive comments we received on the Draft EIS.
Ecology has been coordinating with other state agencies, USACE, and the Applicant throughout this process. The FZCD has provided Ecology with clarifications on the proposed project, which will be considered in the Final EIS. Ecology provided the Chehalis Basin Board with an update on the Final EIS in November 2021.
An EIS does not approve or deny a project or make a decision on permits. The Final EIS will provide information for the public and decision-makers, such as the Chehalis Basin Board and permitting agencies.
Ecology released a draft state Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) in February 2020 that analyzed how the proposal is likely to affect the environment under the State Environmental Policy Act (SEPA). Ecology’s focus sheet has an overview of the findings of the Draft EIS.
A comment period for the draft state environmental review of the proposed Chehalis River Basin Flood Damage Reduction Project was held from February 27 to May 27, 2020, and two public meetings were held in April. The presentation of the Draft EIS shown at the public meetings is available as slides or with audio. All comments are valued equally. Comments on the Draft EIS have been arranged in categories solely for ease of access and downloading.
- Tribal comments
- Agency comments
- Business comments
- Public comments
- Organizational comments
- Public meeting comments
- Form letter comments
Draft Study Identifies Significant Environmental Impacts
Ecology’s Draft EIS identified the likely significant environmental impacts from the Flood District’s project as well as alternatives. Ecology looked at 17 different environmental elements including impacts to air quality, cultural resources, earth, environmental health and safety, environmental justice, fish and aquatic species and habitat, land use, noise, public services and utilities, recreation, transportation, tribal resources, visual quality, water, wetlands, and wildlife species and habitat.
Under Ecology’s analysis, the project would reduce flooding to buildings and infrastructure, including U.S. Interstate 5. It would have significant adverse effects, mainly along the Chehalis River in the area above the flood retention dam and below the structure to Rainbow Falls. These include:
- Reducing spring- and fall-run Chinook salmon, coho salmon, and steelhead trout
- Reducing native aquatic species such as lamprey and mussels
- Reducing wildlife such as amphibians
- Degrading habitat on land, and in water and wetlands
- Degrading river and stream water quality
- Eliminating access for recreational fishing and whitewater boating
- Increasing greenhouse gas emissions
- Impacting tribal and cultural resources
Several impacts from the proposal would be unavoidable unless measures to offset them are determined to be feasible and meet regulatory requirements. This would be determined during future permitting processes including local and tribal governments, and state and federal agencies. Should the project move forward, there are nearly 40 local, state, and federal authorizations, approvals, and permits that would be needed.
EIS Analysis Integrates Climate Change
Since climate change will drive more frequent, higher flood levels, and steeper declines in fish runs in the Chehalis River basin in the future, Ecology integrated climate change in their analysis of future conditions where the proposed flood retention dam would operate.
Project Alternatives Analyzed
The study analyzed an alternative based on local and nonstructural actions that could help retain flood waters and reduce flood-related damage. It also analyzed what is known as a “no action” alternative. Both alternatives examine what would happen if the flood retention facility is not built and no changes are made to the Chehalis-Centralia Airport levee.
Summary Available of State EIS Scoping
The public scoping period was held from September 28 through October 29, 2018, which is the first step in the EIS process. Public input on the scope of the SEPA EIS helped identify project alternatives, probable significant adverse impacts, potential mitigation measures, and permits or approvals that may be required. Ecology and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) held a joint SEPA-NEPA EIS scoping period—including two public hearings—to receive input regarding the scope of the state EIS. The SEPA EIS Scoping Summary Report provides a summary of public outreach and scoping comments.
Environmental Review Contact
Ecology SEPA EIS Project Manager
Ecology Communications Manager
To ensure equal access to materials, Ecology will provide auxiliary aids/services to persons with disabilities. Please call (360) 407-6831 with any requests. Persons with hearing loss and speech disability can contact 711 for the Washington Relay Service. Persons with a speech disability may call TTY at (877) 833-6341. All meeting-related requests must be received 72 hours in advance.
El Departamento de Ecología del Estado de Washington (Ecología) determinó que el Proyecto Propuesto podría tener impactos ambientales adversos y significativos. El Borrador de la Declaración del Impacto Ambiental (EIS por sus siglas en inglés) identifica y analiza cómo es probable que el Proyecto Propuesto afecte el medio ambiente. Ecología ha preparado un borrador de EIS bajo los requisitos de la Ley Estatal de Política Ambiental (SEPA) en el Código Administrativo de Washington 197-11. Una EIS SEPA no aprueba ni niega un proyecto propuesto. Proporciona información sobre los impactos ambientales probables, significativos, y adversos, de una propuesta.
Ecología está solicitando comentarios públicos para el borrador de la EIS SEPA sobre el Proyecto Propuesto del 27 de febrero al 27 de mayo de 2020. Los comentarios recibidos sobre el borrador de la EIS SEPA durante el período de comentarios serán compilados y revisados por Ecología. Se considerarán comentarios sustantivos en la preparación de la versión finalizada de la EIS SEPA.